Welcome to Tesla Motors Club
Discuss Tesla's Model S, Model 3, Model X, Model Y, Cybertruck, Roadster and More.

Apollo Lite: Baidu's autonomous vehicle hardware suite without lidar


Koopa Troopa
Nov 24, 2019
New Donk City
This is old news, but I don't think it was ever posted here.


“Based on the previous technical R&D and the iteration of road tests for the first half of 2019, the new sensing system that is composed of 10 cameras will help Baidu's vehicles to conduct the end-to-end closed-loop autonomous driving on urban roads sans high-beam rotatable lidar, said Wang Liang.

Baidu revealed that the Apollo Lite has been tested on multiple road sections in Beijing and reached the world-leading level in terms of number of vehicles tested, cumulative testing mileage and vehicle's performance in closed-loop autonomous driving on urban roads.”

“According to Baidu, Apollo Lite can process “vast” amounts of data generated by 10 cameras to detect objects up to 700 feet away while delivering real-time, 360-degree sensing of the environment. In tests on public roads in Beijing, vehicles relying on Apollo Lite managed to drive sans lidar sensors, which measure the distance to target objects by illuminating them with laser light and measuring the reflected pulses. (Lidar forms the foundation of a number of autonomous car systems, including those from Uber and Lyft.)

A strictly vision-based approach to autonomous driving is one advocated by Intel’s Mobileye, which is developing a custom accelerator processor chip — EyeQ5 — that offers 360-degree coverage courtesy proprietary algorithms, cameras, and ultrasonic. Similarly, driverless semi truck startup TuSimple says its camera-based technology (which employs lidar largely for redundancy) has a 1,000-meter detection range.​

A robust vision-based system is critical to the safety of autonomous driving, especially in high-speed situations where real-time sensing is critical,” said Apollo’s technical committee head Liang Wang. “Apollo Lite further strengthens Baidu’s sensor fusion based level 4 autonomous driving system that leverages the capabilities of camera, lidar, and radar to achieve the ‘true redundancy’ necessary for a safe and fully autonomous driving experience.”
The VentureBeat article is somewhat inaccurate or at least unclear. Mobileye is an advocate of a “true redundancy” approach in the sense of developing a camera-only system independently from a radar and lidar system.

It's not 100% clear to me whether Apollo Lite is merely a means of achieving “true redundancy” or a system intended for commercialization.
  • Informative
Reactions: diplomat33


Well-Known Member
Aug 3, 2017
Terre Haute, IN USA
It's not 100% clear to me whether Apollo Lite is merely a means of achieving “true redundancy” or a system intended for commercialization.

The line about Apollo Lite "further strengthening" their sensor fusion leads me to think that Apollo Lite is not intended to be a vision-only L4 system. Rather, they plan to combine Apollo Lite with their lidar and radar system for increased redundancy, ie "true redundancy".


Mar 22, 2021
Nothing like the cool look of a ufo looking device on top of a car. Progress for ya. With that said...not sure how Tesla is going to accomplish autonomous driving with just these marginal cameras in the car.

About Us

Formed in 2006, Tesla Motors Club (TMC) was the first independent online Tesla community. Today it remains the largest and most dynamic community of Tesla enthusiasts. Learn more.

Do you value your experience at TMC? Consider becoming a Supporting Member of Tesla Motors Club. As a thank you for your contribution, you'll get nearly no ads in the Community and Groups sections. Additional perks are available depending on the level of contribution. Please visit the Account Upgrades page for more details.