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California ISO approaching zero imports

Discussion in 'Energy, Environment, and Policy' started by mblakele, Apr 27, 2018.

  1. mblakele

    mblakele beep! beep!

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    Recently CA ISO has been reporting high peak solar generation and fairly low net demand. Imports have been dipping to around 1000-MW. Today marked the first time I've noticed imports so close to zero: a mere 57-MW at 13:55, down from around 7-GW before sunrise. That's about a 100x swing. For a while around 14:00, net demand dipped below 9-GW.

    Do others here think this is significant? Do imports matter? How will our energy markets change if we see zero imports on a regular basis? Solar generation should be increasing: when could we see net zero demand for parts of the day?

    Will we see utilities pushing for changes to TOU? Seems like 09:00-16:00 is practically off-peak, right now.

    California ISO - Supply

    [​IMG]
     

    Attached Files:

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  2. AMPd

    AMPd Active Member

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    There have been a few times I’ve axtually seen negative imports. Which means California was exporting electricity.
     
  3. bkp_duke

    bkp_duke Active Member

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    The most important thing now in CA is not the installation of more solar (that is coming, that wave cannot be stopped), but the installation of more storage. There is already coming such an excess of solar that we need storage to level out the demand curve, and soon.
     
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  4. SageBrush

    SageBrush 2020: Drain the Sewer

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    #4 SageBrush, May 10, 2018
    Last edited: May 10, 2018
    For now imports skyrocket in the evening hours. I presume the usual suspects* will fill the gap when the current contracts expire and CA imposes carbon restrictions on imports.

    Here is yesterday:


    upload_2018-5-10_10-7-14.png


    *NG, wind and PV storage. I'm personally betting on off-shore wind to cover the night and replace daytime NG.
     
  5. SageBrush

    SageBrush 2020: Drain the Sewer

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    Yeah ... for free. That is not sustainable.
     
  6. bayarea_joe

    bayarea_joe Member

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    I wonder what the chart will look like when we hit between 80-100F during the summer.
     
  7. SageBrush

    SageBrush 2020: Drain the Sewer

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    People will just have to learn to use their thermostat to take advantage of peak PV hours and shift AC consumption.
     
  8. aesculus

    aesculus Still Trying to Figure This All Out

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    TOU rates will definitely follow the sun and I agree that storage will need to be beefed up to follow the morning and evening shoulder periods. Interesting times are ahead for sure.
     
  9. SageBrush

    SageBrush 2020: Drain the Sewer

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    For now. But more generally they follow net utility demand -- and that changes with supply and consumption.

    EVs, time shifting, and off-shore wind are moving targets.

    It was just a few years ago that the fossil fuel reactionaries were whining that wind energy was a bust because it was not needed at night.
     
  10. AMPd

    AMPd Active Member

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    Off- shore wind in California?

    Surely you jest. That’s not happening.
     
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  11. Joel Weber

    Joel Weber Member

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    Has anyone gotten around to making the obvious thermostat that, instead of having a single temperature target, lets the user set two temperature targets, one for cheap electricity and the other for expensive electricity, along with letting the user enter the number of cents per kilowatt hour to be used as the cutoff between cheap and expensive electricity with the real time pricing that probably no one's utility is currently offering?
     
  12. SageBrush

    SageBrush 2020: Drain the Sewer

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    Any half-assed thermostat for < $20 lets you split each day into segments.

    If the utilities eventually move to a demand pricing that changes more frequently than three times a day the thermostats may have to learn to talk with the utility.
     
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  13. mblakele

    mblakele beep! beep!

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    Followup: this week has been sunny and relatively cool. As a result California has actually been exporting electricity. In very small quantities. But still!

    California ISO - Supply

    [​IMG]
     
  14. miimura

    miimura Well-Known Member

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    I would like to see that chart with an overlay of spot price. The Day-Ahead market price for "PG Peninsula" appears to have a low of <$10/MWh around noon today and a high of $75/MWh around 8pm. The Real-Time market price hit $0/MWh a little before 9am before spiking back up.
     
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  15. miimura

    miimura Well-Known Member

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    Market prices taken from here, the EMW EV JuiceNet app.

    JuiceNet Grid Market 2019-03-15.jpg
     
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  16. mblakele

    mblakele beep! beep!

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    I had a hard time finding usable spot price data. In the end I used data from http://www.energyonline.com/Data/GenericData.aspx?DataId=20 to generate this chart. I'm not sure exactly what these prices reflect: the site just says "CAISO (California ISO) Average Price" and the intervals are 5-min. Anyway this chart shows a broad correlation between that price and MWh imported, which is what I'd expect.

    [​IMG]
     
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  17. 3mp_kwh

    3mp_kwh Active Member

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    After looking at some CA IRPs, one predicted day/night peak prices will reverse by 2022. Glendale is looking at a 200MWh battery. My guess is load-shifting, at residential and perhaps surprisingly municipal retail, will smooth the duck curve's depression. It's sad FERC miss-behavior has upped the risk of CA regionalizing. Without it, probably more batteries will economically be deployed. It would be much more efficient if exports simply lifted solar values.
     
  18. mblakele

    mblakele beep! beep!

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    Price reversal makes sense to me: it's probably overdue already. If current trends continue and if grid logistics allow, I'd think that within the next year or two CA will have periods of net-zero demand (demand minus solar and wind). Today's net demand nadir was 6.4-GW, and according to EIA utility solar in California has grown by 4-5 GW annually in recent years. Residential growth looks closer to 1-2 GW/yr: that doesn't show up on the CA ISO charts, but it should affect net demand. As we approach those periods of net-zero demand, gas turbines look less economical and batteries make more sense.

    Interesting times.
     
  19. pilotSteve

    pilotSteve Active Member

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    WTH is ISO? Even going to the link didn’t explain what that means... Too many TLAs (three letter acronyms) here!
     
  20. mblakele

    mblakele beep! beep!

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    It's expanded right at the bottom of the page, which reads "Copyright © 2019 California Independent System Operator. All rights reserved."

    Regional transmission organization (North America) - Wikipedia
     
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