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Circle farms: lots of squares for solar?

I've seen circle farms sweep the nation lately. I guess and therefore think I understand why: lower irrigation labor costs (to install and remove irrigation pipes, because the circles allow the pipes to just roll automatically with a central rotating connection point (rather than a troublesome trough or coiling hose in a straight role system and troublesome steering of the straight rollers), and can just roll out of the way, rather than the current/prior method of installing and uninstalling non-rolling irrigation pipes every crop), faster deployment of irrigation. But they all have these rough squares in between the circles (and even if they packed the circles like marbles more tightly, would still have a little bit of open land); for the unfarmed squares (some are farmed), I say, we pack all those areas better. First, we realize the farmers realize they could trade properties to make the circles fit tighter. But even then, and even now, we see that we can install solar panels in those parts of land not covered by circle farms to collect solar.

  1. Dust will get on the solar panels. They would need an annual or more often squirt and wash. The wash would have to be good enough to remove the dust before it turns into a chemical reaction. The panels would have to be made resilient enough to handle all of that chemical activity.
  2. Wires to get the energy out. Luckily, these are roadside, so that is not an impossible task.
  3. When the farming reorganization to pack circles tighter happens, these panels would need to be moved, before the end of their lifespan. It would help therefore to make them somewhat portable. Also, when flying drones become the method of choice for all irrigation, they can go back to 100% coverage crops without circles, and then the solar panels will be wanted elsewhere (unfarmable space like non-vegetated mountains, sands, etc., especially as wires are built out to those otherwise unusable areas that don't already have wire infrastructure).
I see those problems being overcome in some situations. For instance, where soil is not that great, it doesn't offer as great a value to repack the circles tighter, so they might as well put in solar. Where soil is fertile, they can pack the circles tighter first, then place solar where there are still non-farmed spaces. Where circles are going to be packed tighter but aren't yet, the solar can be made somewhat portable.
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Well-Known Member
Feb 17, 2013
United States
That would be an interesting way to build out more Solar PV without 'paving' over more wild lands for solar farms. If my calculations are correct the area between 1200' center-pivots could support 5MW. That's a lot of energy from land without much other useful purpose. I don't think you could even use it for grazing...

I've never found dust to be much of an issue really. My bigger concern would be water spray from the center pivot... most of the water used for farming has a lot of minerals in it and that ain't gonna wash off like dust...
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In another lifetime I've had experience with center pivot irrigation. The problem of best use of pivot corners always was and still is a concern today. Their use for solar panels is a realistic solution I believe.

Here are couple studies investigating the possibilities.



As nwdriver pointed out the quality of the water could cause some issues but probably not insurmountable. Systems today operate at much lower pressures reducing drift.

There are some installed near Big Lake Minnesota. Next time we are there I will need to stop and take some pictures.

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