An industry's first mover that assumes the competition is stupid and will remain stupid forever is playing an extremely dangerous game. IF the legacy auto companies remain stupid forever there are electronic firms like Samsung and Foxconn that have shown interest in BEV manufacturing. Nissan-Renault are at least half wits. :wink: Absolutely, they have the time scale up but less time than you seem to imply. Battery technology and manufacturing does not work that way. They have a very good idea what they will be manufacturing 2 years from now and at what cost. They don't develop something in the lab and have it in a car 6 months later.It has to be thoroughly tested and vetted before reaching the consumer.