I was thinking that in my reply, but didn't quite get it out. Really the only market for large vehicles in Europe are commercial vehicles and top end luxury cars. For much of the history of the car industry there has been a strong market for large vehicles for the average person in the US. The Japanese were able to get into the US market because when oil prices shot up the only small US made cars were targeted to those who couldn't afford a large car. Today having a big truck or SUV mostly fills that niche. In the older city cores you see more small cars because those roads tend to be narrow, but anywhere that has streets built after WW II have wide streets with plenty of room for large cars. The S and X really are sized for the North American market. They sold well overseas before the 3 came along because they were all that was available with a decent range and the supercharger network. I've heard reviewers of the iPace and e-Tron comment that the relatively poor range of those cars compared to Tesla was not as big a drawback in Europe as it is in the US. Europe is a much smaller place Calais to Warsaw is 900 miles. Los Angels to New York is 2800 miles. Europe also has a much better intercity rail network than the US.