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NVME Drive setup walkthrough

thesmokingman

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Jun 21, 2021
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When we first got the Y back in June '21 I was too frugal to spend money on a SSD drive. Being in IT I've got a handful of NVME drives spare from upgrading laptops and other machines. I ordered an external NVME enclosure that is USB-C capable off Amazon for $16 back then. This enclosure is convenient because it not only works but is tool-less so its easy to swap between different length NVME drives. Also, I originally used a rando 256gb NVME drive from a laptop but for this thread I used a 1TB Sabrent Rocket NVME. The Tesla system is quite happy with a 1TB drive. I should test the 2TB drive sometime but that's for another day.

We've had the car for six months and using the NVME that whole time. The drive has not faltered in that time and so far nothing unusual, knock on wood. If you get a different enclosure, try to get one with a heatsink enclosure as under sustained music playback the drive can get warm to the touch. NVME drives have temp control systems in place so if the controller or IC get too hot internally, the drive will throttle itself so there's no worry of fault in that aspect. In my use it can get warm to the touch but not what I would call hot or worrisome.


Drives in question. I normally use the 256gb tiny 30mm 2230 NVME drive but for this thread I used the full size 1TB drive.

drive0.jpg

If you're unsure of it working if you have a different enclosure, assemble it and insert it into the glovebox. The MCU should give you the option to format and if it does, that means it works. Below is the 1TB Sabrent formatted by the Tesla system.

drive1.png

Next step is to delete that partition and partition it as two exFAT drives named TESLADRIVE (for sentry) and TESLAMUSIC (for music). When the drive is formatted in the car it will auto name the drive and create the sentry folder. However we are going to split the drive in two for sentry and music purposes.

drive2.png


drive3.png


I split this 1TB drive roughly in half, it doesn't matter however you want to split it.

drive4.png


drive5.png


Once that is done, go back and make the second partition for TESLAMUSIC, you music drive.

drive7.png


Once formatting is done you will need to create a folder named "TeslaCam" inside the TESLADRIVE for sentry to work. There are subfolders as well but those will be auto created when sentry runs so you don't have to create them.

drive8.png


And for the crucial music drive, with ample space you can throw on your FLAC files at the highest bitrate if you want, 24-192 no problem.

At the 256gb drive size, I find I have to empty the "SentryClips" folder every two-three months or so which is before the drive fills. This is of course dependent upon how often you drive, and with sentry on, etc etc.

I think covered it all. Let me know if I missed something or you have an issue.
 

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Awesome write up. I actually went this route and picked up SK GOLD P31 nvme m.2 due to low power consumption and excellent low heat performance. The USB-C enclosure I picked up has a huge passive sink and active cooling fan and during testing I couldn't push it past 60C in ambient temps.

Quick question: how are you mounting the enclosure in the glove box? Velcro, double sided tape, zipties? I would hate the thing to dangle on the usb cable.
 
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thesmokingman

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Jun 21, 2021
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Awesome write up. I actually went this route and picked up SK GOLD P31 nvme m.2 due to low power consumption and excellent low heat performance. The USB-C enclosure I picked up has a huge passive sink and active cooling fan and during testing I couldn't push it past 60C in ambient temps.

Quick question: how are you mounting the enclosure in the glove box? Velcro, double sided tape, zipties? I would hate the thing to dangle on the usb cable.
Thanks.

I use one of those plastic glovebox organizers which has a compartment right at the usb port. The nvme fits in that lil space under slight compression by the usb plug itself so it stays put. I think I took a pic of it lemme check.

nvme glove.jpg
 
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I've got a 2015 Model S. After the latest software update (2021.24.28) my external M.2 drive is no longer recognized. The enclosure is a Sabrent USB-C model EC-SNVE and the M.2 drive is a Samsung 950 Pro 512GB. The drive still works with my PC and the filesystem doesn't show any errors. I tried a 256GB Samsung USB stick and found that still works with the car. Has anyone else seen issues after a software update?
 
I've got a 2015 Model S. After the latest software update (2021.24.28) my external M.2 drive is no longer recognized. The enclosure is a Sabrent USB-C model EC-SNVE and the M.2 drive is a Samsung 950 Pro 512GB. The drive still works with my PC and the filesystem doesn't show any errors. I tried a 256GB Samsung USB stick and found that still works with the car. Has anyone else seen issues after a software update?
I got a 2021 M3 currently on 2022.4.5. Originally I had a T7 512gb it worked flawlessly with no issues with the car reading the drive. I had an extra 980 1tb so I decided to use it with the Sabrent EC-SNVE, thats when I started getting issues. The drive would not recognize after 3-4 days and car would need to be rebooted for it to get recognized again. I switched enclosure to the same one that thesmokingman is using, no issues so far.
 
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Just follow up on this. I finally had time to take a picture of the NVME installed on MY 2022 with Ryzen.

500GB NVME SSD
M.2 Enclosure active cooling

I also used a right angle USBA to USBC, thanks to thesmokingman for the glove box divider info. I also velcroed the enclosure upside down to prevent any movement.

PXL_20220302_223156438.MP.jpg


No issues in the freezing weather so far, will update during summer time.
 

thesmokingman

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Jun 21, 2021
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I've started to notice that the drive stops working when the car goes to sleep since the latest OTA updates. Upon waking the drive enclosure is missing. Opening the glovebox and re-inserting the calbe to the usb port or drive itself wakes the drive and it operates like normal. However, that obviously gets annoying real fast. I have a few of these enclosure types so I swapped to a spare and it has been running w/o the sleep issue. At this point it's just a guess but the latest OTA seems to bring an incompatibility with the Inatek enclosure in the OP. The generic enclosure I've been using since figuring this out is linked below. As with these OTA updates, all we can do is adjust to the changes I suppose.



Btw, on the matter of the file structure if you want to remove the pesky system volume folders follow the link below. Run the string command in an admin command prompt. My OCD hates seeing the recycle bin and system volume folders. Btw the recycle bin you can just delete right before unplugging the drive.

How to Remove the System Volume Information Folder from a Pen Drive
 
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jjrandorin

Moderator, Model 3, Tesla Energy Forums
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Nov 28, 2018
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Riverside Co. CA
Well it looks like a widespread firmware issue with the latest 2022.12.3.2. Don't throw your enclosures out just yet as it's happening to usb drives, ssd as well. I'm sure they'll fix it next OTA, throw in a line to remount usb upon waking...

Not sure how I missed this thread, or didnt notice you were also in IT in any other threads, but nice write up here.

FWIW, I have a 256gb samsung endurance pro SD card, in a USB adapter, plugged into my USB drive in my center console on my 2018 model 3 and I have also seen the drive disappear a few times since updating to that specific firmware update you mention. I have a legacy USB hub from Jeda in my console.

Since I dont have music on mine at all (I am a home theater audiophile but dont care that much about music fidelity unless its in a movie), I have just been hitting the "format usb" button in the car when I notice its disconnected. Had to do it 4-5 times since that particular firmware update, and pretty much never before that except as an easy way to delete the drive without taking it out.

TL; DR, in this case it definitely seems like "something" firmware related, or at the least something that is making multiple different adapters / hub type devices go a bit strange.
 
Well it looks like a widespread firmware issue with the latest 2022.12.3.2. Don't throw your enclosures out just yet as it's happening to usb drives, ssd as well. I'm sure they'll fix it next OTA, throw in a line to remount usb upon waking...

I also noticed this situation during car wake up (seeing the x on the dashcam icon), this might be due to Ryzen but the USB wake up and recovers rather fast within 30 sec to 1 min. So before I pull out of the garage its up and running without any issue.

Is the issue the dashcam does not recover at all?

I'm on 2022.12.3.2 FW
 

thesmokingman

Active Member
Jun 21, 2021
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Socal
I also noticed this situation during car wake up (seeing the x on the dashcam icon), this might be due to Ryzen but the USB wake up and recovers rather fast within 30 sec to 1 min. So before I pull out of the garage its up and running without any issue.

Is the issue the dashcam does not recover at all?

I'm on 2022.12.3.2 FW
It's happening to a lot of cars regardless of the MCU whether its AMD or Intel. I unplug and replug mine and its fine for a couple days, then it disappears again, so foir now we've gotta rinse and repeat till they fix this bug.
 

thesmokingman

Active Member
Jun 21, 2021
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Socal
Fix incoming....


e3f3b2fd-23a5-488f-9127-ede4b237dfb8-jpeg.809823
 
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