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sad - because I don't understand battery performance

hi

I got me a pre-owned 2016 P90D. it drives great - but I don't understand the battery performance at all.

rated at 100% is 257 miles (per google)

I charge it every week or so to 90% and it shows 231 miles.

I use a mix of 110, 220 and supercharging as available to me / when available to me,

but when I start driving everything go to crap

it should technically give me 2.5 miles per 1% of battery (I don't expect that)


it uses about 345 - 375 wh/mi
  • make sense = 90KW / 257 = 350

But in reality - I get 1 road mile for every 2 battery mile

Or about 1.2 to 1.5 miles for 1% of battery.

I drive about 6 miles a day (each way). All inroad - no free way. In Sunnyvale - so slow road. I have range mode on.

Any suggestions - how to understand if the car is being inefficient or losing range ?

thanks

upload_2019-9-26_9-56-49.png
 

mswlogo

Well-Known Member
Aug 27, 2018
8,257
7,762
MA, NH
Your battery condition is great !!

What's 90% of 257? 231

Almost to good to be true.

Your efficiency looks lousy though (not sure how a P90D should do).

Make sure your tire pressure is correct. Set HVAC to only what you NEED. Go easy on the foot.

The tires on a Performance car might not be the most efficient and can make a big difference.
 
I have never bothered with Range Mode. Your issue is probably the short trips of six miles. Rather like an ICE engine, the battery pack takes a while (and some energy) to get to an efficient operating temperature. On a trip of six miles, your battery pack may never reach an optimal operating temperature and the aircon/heating may also be taking a chunk of energy to get the cabin to a comfortable temperature.
 
@mswlogo yes, it is too good to be true - but every day I check - and then with a few miles - it looks dumb. I am not sure if the numbers are real or if some calc function is converting 90% to Miles.

There was one week between updates I was getting 295 Wh/Mi - but since then everything is around 350 or so.

AC is on only in the evenings.. when the day is hot. I don't do freeways - but I did one time 60 mile trip on freeway - but that didnt really alter anything much.

wheels are original. but I can't imagine losing that much to wheels ?

the 1.5 miles per % battery does not make sense.
 
I could be wrong - but aren't the rated miles closer to 300W/H a mile?

I think there is a buffer in the batteries - so the 90KWh in the "90KWh/257" calculation is probably not accurate. Reality is you have a 90KWh pack - but there is portion of it that is used as a buffer and you don't have use of. Please correct me if I am wrong....
 
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Chaserr

Hyperactive Hyperdrive
Sep 5, 2017
2,667
6,528
Logan
The EPA rating requires you to use less than 300 watt hours per mile and drive no faster than 55 with slow acceleration. If you look in the Energy app on the center screen it will have a line showing your energy use (jagged orange) and rated (flat grey). If you want to get every mile of rated charge you have to drive with that line matching your average.
 
Very likely the short drive. AC will be running full just to get to your set temp by the time you get to your destination. Start stops eat a fair amount as work. You’ll see closer to expected when you go a decent distance at a constant reasonable speed on the interstate. I had a X90 for two years and on the highway I could comfortably get 200 miles or so, I could maybe push that to 230 if I went 60-65. My short trips around town often match exactly what you are seeing.

Someone just tested the X Raven LR (which I just traded for and will have my first road trip in this weekend), which has a rated range of 325 miles. Going 60ish they could have gotten 340-350 miles. Going 75 that drops to almost 250.
 
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I have never had a 300 wh/mi ever. I think there was one week when I was under - but I am sure that was a software bug.

I am not sure how to improve efficiency ? in the current usage pattern - I essentailly only have a little over 120 miles of range (between 90 and 20%)
I have a 2016 S75 and have average 270 watt hours/mile for the past 17,000 miles using Michelin tires. The original tires were replaced at 22,000 miles and I averaged 263 watt hours/mile on them. My S is not a performance model and I have the 19" tires. Tire pressure is very important and I keep mine around 47 ppsi cold (45 is recommended). Lots of fairly short trips. I try to not use the brakes too much. If your range does not improve on a long trip at moderate speed then, clearly, this problem needs to be looked at while you are still under warranty.
 

gaswalla

Model S,3,X.. CT with Austin delivery
Sep 23, 2012
3,870
4,779
San Diego
the watts/mile for a 3 and a 75D will be different from OP's P90D.
In other threads: 300 watts-h/mile is the known rated calculation for a P90D
OP needs to start looking at watts-h/mi and amount of miles obtained per kwh... looking at miles/percent battery is a bit inaccurate.
Also there is a buffered, unusable portion of the battery, and the 90 battery had pretty much nearly the same capacity as the 85 (unfortunately). So, your 257 rated range gives you usable capacity of about 77.1 kwh. If you drive using 350 wh/mile, you'll get an effective range of 220
For degradation: look at mile range at a given state of charge and convert to 1000%... your 90% range looks great.
For efficiency: look at the watts-h/mile after each day of driving to see if you can keep getting that number lower. Honestly, 346 isn't bad at all.
Also, the size of the tires are critical - do you have 21's?
 
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mswlogo

Well-Known Member
Aug 27, 2018
8,257
7,762
MA, NH
I have never bothered with Range Mode. Your issue is probably the short trips of six miles. Rather like an ICE engine, the battery pack takes a while (and some energy) to get to an efficient operating temperature. On a trip of six miles, your battery pack may never reach an optimal operating temperature and the aircon/heating may also be taking a chunk of energy to get the cabin to a comfortable temperature.

I get my best wh/mi on short trips (under 200 wh/mi Model 3 AWD, 230 wh/mi Model X Raven).
My commute is "short" 5 miles. It's highway that wh/mi goes up on.
 

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