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Charge time. Am I missing something?

Dutchie

Active Member
Jun 9, 2013
1,588
3,694
Canada
There is something I don't understand. Perhaps someone can help me out?

Today I have used almost 48 kWh. I charge at 6 kW and the car says it needs 10.5 hours to charge to 90%. I always charge to 90% so when I started my day today it was also on 90%.

If I used 48 kWh and I charge at 6 kW why does it need 10.5 hours and not 48/6 is 8 hours to charge? Are there so many losses during charging or am I missing something?
 

IdaX

Member
Dec 27, 2016
429
526
Moscow, Idaho
Two things:

(1) yes, the charger eats up something like 400W I think

(2) you may have used 48 kWh driving, but you may have lost some energy due to phantom drain -- the losses that come in when the car uses energy to keep the battery pack warm or perform other tasks while parked and not driving. These don't get counted in your odometer I find.
 

David99

Active Member
Jan 31, 2014
4,850
7,027
Brea, Orange County
You have 20% losses when charging. Both the charger and the battery itself isn't 100% efficient. The battery is 93% efficient. The chargers around 85%. The car itself also needs some power (coolant pump, computer, cooling fans). The charge time estimate is also not 100% accurate. So all things considered, what you see it realistic and correct.
 

David99

Active Member
Jan 31, 2014
4,850
7,027
Brea, Orange County
When I turn mine on at 80% and try to charge it to 90 or higher for trip it definitely doesn’t charge very quickly. May be case dependent.

On L2 30 Amp, there is no reduction in charge speed up to 95% or so. If you sit in the car and have the AC or heater running, the car will still show 30 Amps but part of the power will be used for the HVAC thus the battery will charge slower. It's a common point of confusion with Tesla owners. You watch the car charge from the app and see an estimate how long it will take. You go up to the car and sit it in and the time goes up all of a sudden. It's because when you are in it the AC or heater turns on taking up some of the energy.
 

boaterva

Supporting Member
Supporting Member
Apr 2, 2016
7,572
3,746
Northern Virginia, USA
On L2 30 Amp, there is no reduction in charge speed up to 95% or so. If you sit in the car and have the AC or heater running, the car will still show 30 Amps but part of the power will be used for the HVAC thus the battery will charge slower. It's a common point of confusion with Tesla owners. You watch the car charge from the app and see an estimate how long it will take. You go up to the car and sit it in and the time goes up all of a sudden. It's because when you are in it the AC or heater turns on taking up some of the energy.
Nope, no one in the car. Nothing running. I know quite well what is using what.
 

mal_tsla

Member
Sep 29, 2016
698
904
Austin, TX
Yes, some energy is lost as heat in both the battery and the charger, just like when charging a phone.

Unlike the phone, more energy can be lost, if for example the battery arrives hot and needs to be cooled during charging to prevent degradation.
 

David99

Active Member
Jan 31, 2014
4,850
7,027
Brea, Orange County
Nope, no one in the car. Nothing running. I know quite well what is using what.

If you are charging on a HPWC with the 72 Amp charger in the car, you will see a reduction earlier. But the OP is talking about 6 kW charger. There is definitely no reduction up to 95% because the power is so low anyways.
 

SageBrush

REJECT Fascism
May 7, 2015
12,497
15,504
New Mexico
The app tells me that.
The app ... that talks with what ? And reports what ? There is a path from EVSE to on-board-charger to battery. Losses occur along the way.

As I told you earlier, if you want to have a somewhat accurate accounting you should place an inexpensive ammeter in your panel on one of the 120v lines attached to your EVSE. I say somewhat because you will still be guessing at the voltage but that is likely to be within a few percent of actual.
 
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Uncle Paul

Well-Known Member
Nov 1, 2013
6,299
6,879
Canyon Lake,CA
When you first plug in your Tesla it will throw up an estimated charge time to reach your selected fill. It will take into consideration several factors to post this estimate.

It will see how much current your socket is providing as well as the charge rate you selected. Will look at the temp of the battery and ambient as well as the condition of your battery.

From time to time it will reevaluate it's estimate and post what if thinks will be the time to charge.

It would not suprise me that in a few minutes it is calculating closer to what you are expecting.
 

qadaemon

Member
Jul 29, 2016
332
220
Sidney IL, Cape Canaveral FL
The app ... that talks with what ? And reports what ? There is a path from EVSE to on-board-charger to battery. Losses occur along the way.

As I told you earlier, if you want to have a somewhat accurate accounting you should place an inexpensive ammeter in your panel on one of the 120v lines attached to your EVSE. I say somewhat because you will still be guessing at the voltage but that is likely to be within a few percent of actual.
The Tesla app, I'd imagine. When the car is set to display battery % instead of miles, mine shows kw while charging instead of mph. It doesn't display any decimals, so it's only +/- 1kw accurate.
 

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