The 12V battery can fail, i.e. have at least 1 bad cell out of the 6 cells that make up a 12V battery. Assuming a fully charged 12V battery measures 12.6V (they actually vary a bit depending on the type of 12V battery) and you have a dead cell that is 12.6V less 2.1V = 10.5V. Anytime the voltage of a 12V battery measures under 11.5V it is pretty much dead.
12V batteries fail due to physical damage, age, load, temperature and excessive vibration. Tesla vehicles seem to use up 12V batteries every 2 years. The biggest factor in most cases is the electrical load applied to the battery. Of course Arizona summer heat is famous for shortening the life of 12V starter batteries in ICE vehicles too.