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Real World Range Questions (Winter)

Discussion in 'Model S: Battery & Charging' started by mknox, Aug 29, 2012.

  1. jerry33

    jerry33 S85 - VIN:P05130 - 3/2/13

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    Wider tires have greater rolling resistance all things being equal. My bad for not defining "larger". I meant larger in diameter--not tread width.


    I'm a bit sensitive to Wikipedia because there are some topics where people change them every day depending upon their leanings. Sorry about that.

    That's the way I understand it. There are a lot of variables. The issue I had was with "the tire rubber is deformed more with higher vehicle weight". My assumption is that as vehicle weight increases tires with greater carrying capacity are installed.

    - - - Updated - - -

    That wasn't what I was thinking. I was thinking vehicle size increase = tires with more carrying capacity. If we're talking about the same vehicle with the same tires, then you are supposed to increase pressure to compensate for the weight. This will increase the pressure on the rubber but it won't increase the rolling resistance. If you don't increase the tire pressure than, of course rolling resistance will go up.

    And that's actually a pretty good paper. But I believe the basic problem here was my reading of the original post. Sorry about that.

    - - - Updated - - -

    Something to think about though is this rolling resistance table. It's a bit out of date because tire manufacturers don't like to give out rolling resistance information but it does have the numbers for a variety of real tires. One of the interesting points is that one of the lower rolling resistance value tires is the 40 lb. Michelin Diamairs 285/60R18 with a value of 0.00889 and an overall diameter of ~31". One of the highest rolling resistance tires is the 10 lb. BFG Turanza LS-T P205/65R15 with a value of 0.01200 and an overall diameter of ~25.5". Now there's no doubt that the 18" tire will actually use more fuel, especially in the city, because it's a lot more mass to get going, but the rolling resistance part is actually smaller.
     
  2. eledille

    eledille TMS 85 owner :)

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    #142 eledille, Dec 9, 2012
    Last edited: Dec 9, 2012
    I agree that is a problem, but it mostly appears in articles dealing with highly controversial and politicized issues. See every article about nuclear power, for example... I think things have improved somewhat, though - articles are locked for editing except for recognized editors and users get banned. I have improved some of those articles a bit, and as long as I reference properly, my edits stay, but there's plenty of tendentious stuff and outright lies left. The problem is that digging up good references takes a lot of time. But unsubstantiated drivel can be deleted - if it's completely unreferenced and you know it's untrue, or if the referenced source is biased or does not cite properly (e.g. ref to unsubstantiated article by known anti-nuke campaigner in a nuclear-related article), just delete it.

    Ahem. Back to topic...

    Yes, but increasing weight still plugs right into the formula F[sub]r r[/sub] = C[sub]r r[/sub] * N.

    Compare a 2 ton car with the best tires you listed to a 1 ton car with the worst ones:

    0.00889 * 20 kN = 178 N
    0.012 * 10 kN = 120 N.

    The heavier car still has the highest rolling resistance.
     
  3. Keystone S

    Keystone S Member

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    I am a new member to Tesla Motors Club. This is my first post. Can more of you post actual watt-hours per mile you are experiencing in cold weather driving? I am taking delivery of my model S in a little over a week, and plan to take a trip (Philadelphia PA to Springfield MA - 265 MI) over the Christmas Holidays. I am planning one stop to recharge but I am not sure how much of a charge I will need. For planning purposes, I am figuring on expending 350 to 400 watt-hours per mile but after reading a little about what others are getting in warm and sunny California, I think that I should be expecting a much higher energy usage. Can you share your cold weather energy usage with me? Is 350-400 watt-hours per mile in the ball park for cold weather?
     
  4. brianman

    brianman Burrito Founder

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    #144 brianman, Dec 9, 2012
    Last edited: Dec 9, 2012
    Welcome a-board.
    If your landscape is relatively flat (Texas/Florida) you'll likely easily stay below 350 Wh/mi. at <= 65 mph. If you're in hilly areas (Seattle), it's relatively easy to keep it under 415 Wh/mi. at <= 65 mph. This is for 40-45 F temperature outside.

    This is with 85 Perf and the 12" wheels and stock tires.


    Going uphill towards my house and flooring it, I've seen ~1500 Wh/mi. to give you an idea of the extreme. The "instant" projected range was 20 mi. (while the rated was 99 mi.), but it rose quickly by the time I took the picture.


    Edit:
    Some low quality camera shots:

    Uphill
    Uphill1.jpg Uphill2.jpg

    Downhill
    Downhill.jpg
     
  5. Keystone S

    Keystone S Member

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    Brianman,
    I can plainly see the energy usage spikes on your graph. I just took delivery of my car and have put 86 miles on it so far. I am not very efficient with energy management yet. Once I learn the settings, controls, and get a feel for the road and the car response to terrain, I will get my watt hours down. after 86 miles (and a few rocket starts for my guest passengers, I am averaging just under 400 watt-hours/mi. So I think as you say, I should be able to lower that as I get used to the car and consciously try to conserve. Thanks again.
     
  6. AnOutsider

    AnOutsider S532 # XS27

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    Heh... A week later and I'm still around 360!
     
  7. Brian H

    Brian H Banned

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    For max contrast, floor it halfway into a hard 60-0 braking run!

    If you dare...:scared:
     
  8. cinergi

    cinergi Active Member

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    So if you're really curious you can spend 16 minutes watching my video (hah!) here: Tesla Model S Energy Usage - YouTube (ETA 15 minutes from time of this post)
    It's completely unedited and definitely boring in many spots but if you're really interested in energy usage, I think it'll serve you well. This is me in some nasty traffic with the heat on.
    At the end of the drive:
    183 miles rated range left (started at 206 I think ... I should have made note of that)
    Drove 37.7 miles for the day (so 18.9 miles each way) using 14.3 kWh for an average of 380 Wh/mi
    And the final graph
    2012-12-18 18.35.58-small.jpg
     
  9. Blaze

    Blaze Member

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    Help. I have 70 range miles remaining and 63 miles home. Will I make it or should I stop at the Hawthorne SC. I have been averaging about 309 w per mile... Any advice?
     
  10. djp

    djp Roadster 2.0 VIN939

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    Slow down and follow a truck. You should have enough range if you drive under 60mph. Keep an eye on the range estimate vs distance, if they're converging stop at Hawthorne to be safe.
     
  11. Doug_G

    Doug_G Lead Moderator

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    +1 on djp's advice.

    Mind you, if the Supercharger isn't out of your way, then I'd stop by for 10 minutes just for safety.
     
  12. Blaze

    Blaze Member

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    Thanks for the advice. I drove home keeping a stable sixties mph. I made it home with 19 miles of range remaining. I only used 51 range miles to travel about 62 actual miles. Made it easy.
     
  13. huntjo

    huntjo Member

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    This is really the best advice. Consider what you would do in an ICE car. If you're getting low, go fill up if it's on the way. Don't wait for zero. If the supercharger is out of the way, the. Driving slower to consume less energy per mile is often the most expedient

    For example, last winter I would make it up to ski resorts easily with a bit of planning and watching my energy usage. But now that there's a supercharger (which is right on the way), I can just ignore range and make it easily. Regardless of speed (well, the speeds I drive)
     

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